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AI, Cardiologists Team to Beat Heart Disease
By Sara Moein  |  Jun 02, 2022
AI, Cardiologists Team to Beat Heart Disease
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Detecting heart disorders from electrocardiogram (ECG) signals is no easy task as noise often corrupts ECG signals. Dr Sara Moein presents different approaches for AI to serve cardiologists for more accurate, quicker heart disorder diagnoses.

NEW YORK - The heart is one of the most important organs in the human body, a muscle that pumps blood and delivers oxygen throughout the body. It also generates signals as an electrocardiogram (ECG), which contain information in their structure, which is very helpful for cardiologists and physicians trying to detect heart disorders. However, it is not always easy to comprehend or interpret the information. Thus, it is necessary to decode the ECG for interpretation by specialists. ECG interpretation is easy in some cases but can be more complex for some signals due to heart disorders that affect the decoding process. This makes intelligent approaches essential in helping cardiologists accurately diagnose heart disorders, and automatic signal processing is an indispensable method for extracting hidden knowledge from heart signals.

One of the main emphases of intelligent methods relating to ECG signal processing is noise removal, as the heart signal often gets corrupted with noise from various sources, e.g., machine malfunctions, electrical noise from elsewhere in the body, respiration, and muscle contractions.[3] Such noise consists of both low frequency and high frequency components. The low frequency components cause baseline wander, while high frequency components such as powerline interference corrupt the ECG signal.[2] The recorded signal is distorted in a way that may make it difficult to perform any automatic diagnoses.

1. ECG

An ECG is the recorded signal generated from the activity of the heart for the purpose of diagnosis, and is done by contacting skin electrodes at specific locations on the body. ECG analysis is an effective way of detecting heart disorders,[1] where the signal is generated by polarization and depolarization of the heart when pumping blood throughout the human body. The ECG signal waveform

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