DEGGENDORF, GERMANY - Last year, the European Commission published a draft of the Artificial Intelligence Act that aims to create a legal framework for artificial intelligence (AI) within the European Union.
In the meantime, the AI Act has been debated in the European Parliament, as well as in national parliaments. Recently, each political group of the European Parliament has also submitted numerous amendments to Act. This article discusses the amendments and the future timeline. I have personally advised the parliaments of France, Germany, and Luxembourg as an expert witness on AI regulation. This article also shares some insights from my discussions with the three legislatures.
The AI Act and its regulatory impact
Since the first draft of the AI Act was published in April 2021, it has received mixed feedback, both positive and negative. In particular, it has been argued that the horizontal regulatory approach taken by the Act appears unnecessary and unfeasible due to its unspecific and overly broad definitions. There are numerous impracticable requirements for ‘high-risk’ applications. These would need to be trained on bias-free and error-free datasets. In practice, however, such datasets do not exist, rendering many AI applications impossible. Consequently, AI would face overregulation in the EU, while the Act would stifle European competitiveness, hurt small and medium enterprises (SMEs), and possibly end up making Big Tech even bigger. Since the draft was published, both the European Parliament and national assemblies have debated the draft of the Act and collected input from various stakeholders. Finally, each political group of the European Parliament tabled hundreds of amendments to the Act.
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