Bridging the Gap Between Academia and Industry in AI
By Patrick Glauner  |  Feb 21, 2022
Bridging the Gap Between Academia and Industry in AI
Image courtesy of and under license from
Prof Patrick Glauner reveals the major gap between how artificial intelligence is taught at universities and real-world requirements in industry, how universities should enhance the employability of students, and how German Universities of Applied Sciences collaborate with industry to prepare students for the challenges they will face upon graduation.

DEGGENDORF, GERMANY - When reading machine learning (ML) books1, 2 or taking courses, one notices a strong focus on learning patterns and optimizing ML models, but there are other steps that make ML projects successful. Most books or courses have a strong focus on academia and thus largely ignore other necessary steps. However, the reality is very different, as depicted in the following table:

As other steps often get ignored in books or courses; graduates are not adequately prepared to solve them. Subsequently, a large number of industrial ML projects actually fail.

Competencies Every AI Graduate Should Possess

Universities should make sure students acquire the following competencies in order to succeed when working on real-world artificial intelligence (AI) projects:

1. Define the purpose of a project and key performance indicators the project will improve.

2. Collect data from different sources and aggregate the data.

3. The quality of the data plays a crucial role in the success of ML. ML is often referred to as “garbage in, garbage out.” That is why one needs to perform a process called exploratory data analysis, which one not only checks for missing values, but also adopts a much deeper quality check approach. That approach includes checking distributions of datasets and finding anomalies. In this step, one needs to include domain experts who can tell whether the data match the reality of their domain.

4. Build the necessary computing infrastructure for training and running ML models.

5. Train the actual ML models. One does not need to be an expert in the hundreds of different models reported in the literature. In practice, one can often use

The content herein is subject to copyright by The Yuan. All rights reserved. The content of the services is owned or licensed to The Yuan. The copying or storing of any content for anything other than personal use is expressly prohibited without prior written permission from The Yuan, or the copyright holder identified in the copyright notice contained in the content.
Continue reading
Buy this article for only US$1.99
- or -
Continue with Linkedin Continue with Google
Share your thoughts.
The Yuan wants to hear your voice. We welcome your on-topic commentary, critique, and expertise. All comments are moderated for civility.